Sustainability involves three main aspects: world economy, human societies and biodiversity. Feeding the global population is an everyday challenge; sustaining the life of the next generation is in our collective best interest. With rapid population growth, the need for sustainable resource management is becoming increasingly urgent due to demand in agricultural commodities.
Water is regarded by many as the most treasured resource for sustaining life itself. Worldwide, the agriculture sector consumes excessive amounts of water, with 70% of all world’s freshwater withdrawals going towards irrigation uses . This has led to costs amounting to as high as $94 billion per year for irrigators. Due to socio-economic pressures and environmental issues, the use of fresh water will be diverted away from agriculture in order to meet the demand of domestic use and industry.
If creative water conservations are not implemented, at the current consumption rate, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages by 2025. Currently, water scarcity is one of the most dangerous challenges we are facing. Under these conditions, policies have been introduced for better water management, through improvements of water allocation and irrigation efficiency.
Projects and Initiatives
Environment and Soil
Deforestation and forest degradation is an exhibitory consequence of agricultural expansion, contributing to a fifth of the world’s greenhouse gases. Around 15 billion trees are cut down each year, a 46% decrease in the number of trees since the onset of agriculture. This is a major contributor to climate change, given that the carbon stored in forests is released when they are cut down. With deforestation as well as other agricultural mismanagement, a critical problem arises: desertification.
Decline in forest land and unsustainable farming practices has led to loss in biodiversity and extreme soil erosion. At this moment of time, half of the topsoil on the planet has been lost in the last 150 years with over 250 million extremely poor people already directly affected by desertification. Additionally, natural disasters such as floods and drought are weakening soil quality, causing costly problems for farmers, taxpayers, and communities. With the rate of soil rapidly being lost faster than it can be replaced, by 2070, world soil, including Britain and Europe could vanish if drastic action is not implemented.
IAG is able to tackle challenges such as falling organic matters in soil with soil-less solutions such as aeroponics. Our approach considers both the need for new solutions as well the importance of sharing knowledge and involving other industries. Soil-less farming and other technologies are targeted at bringing farming closer to the consumer, whilst giving farmers higher yield solutions. We do this with monitoring soil performance and controlling pesticides within the food value chain.